The MapBiomas project gathers data reporting the type of land covering each year by area, that is, for example, the area used for a temporary crop of soybeans. It also reports the transitions in land coverage between years.

The data has yearly frequency and is available starting from the year 1989.

For all datasets, areas are measured in hectares (ha).


  1. dataset: there are 7 possible choices:

  2. raw_data: there are two options:

  3. geo_level:

  4. language: you can choose between Portuguese ("pt") and English ("eng").


# download treated Mapbiomas Cover data in English
data <- load_mapbiomas(
  dataset = "mapbiomas_cover",
  raw_data = FALSE,
  geo_level = "municipality",
  language = "eng"

# download treated data on mining on indigenous lands
data <- load_mapbiomas("mapbiomas_mining",
  raw_data = FALSE,
  geo_level = "indigenous_land"